The Cambridge Seven: A book review
The Cambridge Seven
The Privilege of Sacrifice
A Book Review
By Elliot Coatney
"Unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it produces much grain."–John 12:24
It was a training ground for the young men who would one day run arguably the greatest empire in history. It was home to the wealthy, the elite–a few thousand young men of class and stature destined to inherit family fortunes, titles of nobility, and the responsibility to manage this empire that included roughly one quarter of the world’s land and population. This was the Cambridge University of late Victorian England.
It was in 1885 of this period that six young Cambridge men–C.T. Studd, Stanley Smith, Montagu Beauchamp, brothers Arthur and Cecil Polhill-Turner, and William Cassels, along with D.E. Hoste of the elite Woolwich Military Academy–gathered together for their final departure to the mission fields of China.
Ages 19 to 24, these were already men of peculiar distinction: son of a baronet, internationally acclaimed cricket player, distinguished Varsity oarsman, and two highly-regarded officers of the Royal Artillery and Queen’s Bays. These were handsome, dashing men, winsome and charming, and while along with their peers, they were being groomed to inherit an empire, these young men set their eyes on The Kingdom.
John Pollock’s The Cambridge Seven tells the story of these young men during their years at Cambridge. It tells how each determined to leave the comforts and privileges of England for a strange godless land fraught with ignorance, idolatry, violence, disease and all manner of hardships. In doing so, the Seven not only reached thousands in China with the Gospel; they fanned the flames of a revival in their own land that reached thousands and undoubtedly led many to lives of missionary service.
The Cambridge Seven is based largely on the diaries and personal papers of the seven, and this perspective allows us to see beyond the storyline itself and into the hearts and minds of these young men. We read of doubt and failure, conviction and victory; spiritual conversations over breakfast or into the wee hours. We read of ministry work in the slums of England, preaching to the passing gentry at Hyde Park Corner, or handing out tracts to fisherman on the coast of France. Of no less importance, we get a glimpse into their daily lives– Stanley Smith and Monty Beauchamp spending afternoons of their winter break at the Studd home, ice skating in the park with the three Studd brothers. And in it all we see God working out His amazing and perfect plan.
As with nearly all men of faith, the Cambridge Seven had great Christian influences in their lives. All seven came from strong Christian homes, some of them fervently evangelical. And still much of England was tied to a "respectable" and dead faith bound by centuries of tradition. Yet this was the period in which American evangelist D.L. Moody was breaking through this dead faith as he swept across Great Britain with his powerful crusades. Speaking passionately of the wages of sin and the glory of redemption through a saving relationship with Jesus Christ, Moody was drawing thousands to hear him speak, and he had a great influence at England’s universities. Indeed, several of the Cambridge Seven came to a personal relation-ship with Christ through D.L. Moody crusades, and all were deeply affected and motivated by his work.
Ultimately, it was the influence of Hudson Taylor and the China Inland Mission that he pioneered that led each of the seven to China. Interestingly, Taylor’s influence on one of the seven began long before any of them were at Cambridge. Hudson Taylor was a guest at the Beauchamp home where he brought a pigtail and chopsticks back from China and made no small impression on little Montagu Beauchamp who was only five at the time.
It is not unlikely that each of the young men shared D.E. Hoste’s experience of being deeply influenced by Hudson Taylor’s booklet "China’s Spiritual Needs and Claims" that spoke of China’s hundreds of millions "utterly and hopelessly beyond the reach of the gospel." Each of the Seven would eventually interview with Taylor before acceptance into the China Inland Mission.
Of special interest to readers of The Intercessor will be the accounts of C.T. Studd, the All-England Cricketer who would later found the Worldwide Evangelization Crusade. C.T. Studd was the father-in-law and, in many ways, the spiritual father of Norman Grubb, founder of Zerubbabel Ministries. Pollock writes of Studd: "The departure [of the Cambridge Seven to China] was not to be quiet and casual. For a spiritual conflict in the heart and mind of the most brilliant cricketer of the day was about to be resolved with incalculable results for Smith, his friends, and the world."
Indeed, it was Studd who would become the figurehead of the seven. Once he transferred his passions from cricket to Christ, he never looked back. As he was in later life, Studd at 22 was tireless, fearless, and uncompromising with God’s word. Though in Pollock’s estimation, Studd was perhaps the only genius among the seven, he was not eloquent. And yet it was Studd who would often touch off rapturous response from crowds of undergraduates with his plainspoken but heartfelt testimony. We can easily see the makings of the man who would go on to write "The DCD."
Perhaps because of its reliance on diaries and personal papers, The Cambridge Seven can be difficult to follow at times. The book is comprised of a somewhat loose collection of vignettes scattered through time, and these vignettes include a broad cast of names and personalities. While this narrative technique is an effective and enthralling way to tell this marvelous story, it might prove helpful and rewarding to readers to become familiar with the biographical notes on members of the Cambridge Seven and to quickly scan the book before reading it.
The thrill of The Cambridge Seven is that we see these young men as more than historical figures. We see them as they were–exciting young men with dynamic lives and great passions. These were not lofty intellectuals or eccentric religious types out of touch with the world; these were young men of privilege with the world at their feet. In the world’s eyes, the seven had everything to lose in going to the mission fields, and yet the Cambridge Seven saw their true privilege in life ex-changing their earthly stations for service to Christ.
While The Cambridge Seven is a glimpse at a part of God’s master plan worked out through the lives of seven bold young Christians, the story of The Cambridge Seven begins, according to God’s economy, with a death–the death of Harold Schoefield, companion to Hudson Taylor and one of God’s grains of wheat who "fell to the ground" in intercession for China and in a hope that would find fulfillment in the seven who became The Cambridge Seven.
More Articles from The Intercessor, Vol 26 No 4
- Free at Last!
- Editor’s Note
- A Tribute to Norman Grubb–In His Own Words
- God’s Promises
- Questions & Answers
- God’s Great Purpose By Us
- How It Really Works
- A Call to Arms: 1993
- Christ’s Nobodies
- Once Caught, No Escape: A book review
- The Cambridge Seven: A book review
- Cookout at "Boone"
- A Pastor Writes Page Prewitt
- The Simplicity of Seeing–A Letter
- The Mailbox
- Letters From Norman
- The Way of Release
- Presenting every man perfect…
- Words to Live By…